General Marshall

The flag of Trieste is blue colour, probably a mistake due to the fact that the Province coat of arms is blue and not red as the city coat of arms

ENTE

RICOSTRUZIONE

EUROPEA

"DETAIL" of

FTT FLAG

MARSHALL PLAN & TRIESTE


The Marshall Plan (from its enactment, officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the primary plan of the UNITED STATES for rebuilding and creating a stronger foundation for the allied countries of EUROPE. The initiative was named for Secretary of State GEORGE MARSHALL and was largely the creation of State Department officials, especially William L. Clayton and George F.Kennan.

The reconstruction plan developed at a meeting of the participating European states was established on July 12, 1947. The Marshall Plan offered the same aid to the USSR and its allies, but they did not accept it due to the diplomatic and political pressure the US universally applied in return for its aid. The plan was in operation for four years beginning in July 1947. During that period some USD 13 billion in economic and technical assistance were given to help the recovery of the European countries that had joined in the ORGANIZATION FOR EUROPEAN ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION. Aid had been given to many European countries before the Marshall Plan since 1945, again with the accompanying political pressure (France, for example, was required to show Hollywood films in return for its receipt of American financial assistance, crippling the French film industry).

By the time the plan had come to completion, the economy of every participant state, with the exception of Germany, had grown well past pre-war levels. Over the next two decades, many regions of Western Europe would enjoy unprecedented growth and prosperity. The Marshall Plan has also long been seen as one of the first elements of European integration, as it erased tariff trade barriers and set up institutions to coordinate the economy on a continental level.

Country 1948/49
$millions  
1949/50
$millions  
1950/51
$millions  
Cumulative
$millions  
Flag of Austria Austria

232

166

70

468

Flag of Belgium Belgium &  Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg

195

222

360

777

Flag of Denmark Denmark

103

87

195

385

Flag of France France

1085

691

520

2296

Flag of Germany Germany

510

438

500

1448

Flag of Greece Greece

175

156

45

366

Flag of Iceland Iceland

6

22

15

43

Flag of Ireland Ireland

88

45

0

133

Flag of Italy Italy & Flag of Free Territory of Trieste Trieste

594

405

205

1204

Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands

471

302

355

1128

Flag of Norway Norway

82

90

200

372

Flag of Portugal Portugal

0

0

70

70

Flag of Sweden Sweden

39

48

260

347

Flag of Switzerland Switzerland

0

0

250

250

Flag of Turkey Turkey

28

59

50

137

Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom

1316

921

1060

3297

Totals 4,924 3,652 4,155 12,721

Totals                     4,924            3,652            4,155            12,721